A Happy Dream

Once upon a time, there lived a beautiful young girl. She lived with her mother and father in a tiny house next to the river. Every morning when she woke up, she would walk down to the river to eat her breakfast. She would listen as the birds sang. Sometimes she thought they were singing to her.

One morning, during her walk to the river, she met a man. He was tall, thin and very kind. He smiled at her and said, "I will give you one wish if you give me a bite of your breakfast." The girl gave the man a piece of her bread and then she asked to meet a handsome prince and to live happily ever after. As soon as she made her wish, the man turned into a gorgeous prince. The girl was so happy, but then she woke up and realized it was only a dream.

从前从前,有个美丽的年轻女孩。她与爸妈住在河边的小屋中。每天早上在她醒来之后,便会走到河边吃早餐。鸟儿唱歌时,她就倾听着。有时候她会觉得牠们是为她歌唱。

有一天早上,在她走向河边的途中,她遇见了一名男子。他长得高瘦又很和蔼。他对她微笑着说,『如果妳给我吃一口早餐,我就给妳一个愿望。』那女孩就给男子一片面包,接着她要求能遇到一位很帅的王子,从此过着快乐的生活。她一许愿之后,那男子就变成了一位英俊的王子。女孩非常高兴,但这时她醒了,发现那只是一场梦。

语法重点:

1. 介绍英文童话故事起首及结尾的用法:

a.起首:Once upon a time, there was / lived a beautiful young girl.

= Long, long ago,

= A long time ago,

(who was) named Snow white.

= 从前从前,有一位名叫 ''白雪公主'' 的女孩。

b. 结尾:The prince and princess lived happily ever after.

从此之后,王子与公主过着幸福快乐的日子。

本课第一段第一句即属英文童话故事起首的用法:

Once upon a time, there lived a beautiful young girl.

= Once upon a time, there was a beautiful young girl.

从前从前∕很久以前,有一位美少女。

Flying Like Birds

People have always wanted to fly. They have hoped to be like birds. They have hoped to fly up into the sky. Long ago people thought that they would never be able to fly. But now people know how to fly. They fly in airplanes.

In the 1890s, two men thought about making an airplane. They started by finding every book about flying. Then they did a lot of reading. At last they put down the books and started to work. They made the airplane in 1903. One of the men went up in it. It could fly!

The first airplanes could not fly very high. They were slow, too. Birds could fly faster than them. But soon people found out how to make better airplanes. Today airplanes can fly high and fast.

人类长久以来一直想要飞翔。他们一直希望像鸟一样。他们一直想飞向天空。很久之前,人们还认为他们绝对无法飞行。不过,现在人类知道怎么飞了。他们乘坐飞机飞翔。

一八九○年代,有两名男子考虑要制造飞机。他们的第一步就是遍寻所有有关飞行的书籍。接着他们便大量阅读。最后,他们放下书本开始着手制造飞机。他们于一九○三年造好了飞机。其中一个人坐了进去。它真的飞起来了。

最初的飞机飞得并不高。速度也蛮慢的。小鸟飞得都比它们快。但没多久人们就发现如何制造更好的飞机。现代的飞机可以飞得又高又快。

Wright Brothers

飞机发明者:美国的莱特兄弟(Wright Brothers)

语法重点:

1. 介绍形容词 able(有能力的)用法

本词多用于下列结构:

be able to V 有能力从事……

= have the ability to V

= can V

例: Only John is able to handle such a tough problem.

= Only John has the ability to handle such a tough problem.

= Only John can handle such a tough problem.

只有约翰才能解决这样的问题。

2. 形容词 capable(有能力的)与 able 同义,但采下列结构:

be capable of N/V-ing 有能力从事

例: I'm sure that David is capable of this mission.

= I'm sure that David is capable of carrying out this mission.

= I'm sure that David is able to carry out this mission.

= I'm sure that David has the ability to carry out this mission.

= I'm sure that David has the capability to carry out this mission.

= I'm sure that David has the capability of carrying out this mission.

我确信戴维有能力执行该任务。